A federal judge on Friday vacated President Donald Trump’s order to revoke a ban on oil and gas exploration in federal waters in the Arctic and Atlantic oceans.
Former President Barack Obama unilaterally enacted the bans near the end of his second term.
Obama used powers under a 1953 law over offshore drilling to block oil lease sales on 125 million acres in Arctic seas and four million acres in the Atlantic Ocean.
Trump revoked Obama’s oil ban in April 2017 while the Department of the Interior conducted a larger review of the Outer Continental Shelf five-year drilling plan.
U.S. District Judge Sharon Gleason, appointed by Obama in 2011, effectively replaced the ban after a coalition of environmental groups sued over Trump’s executive order.
Gleason agreed with the environmentalists that, while the president has the power to enact a ban under the 1953 code, the law does not expressly allow the president to remove one.
“The text of [the 1953 law] refers only to the withdrawal of lands; it does not expressly authorize the President to revoke a prior withdrawal,” Gleason wrote.
“The wording of President Obama’s 2015 and 2016 withdrawals indicates that he intended them to extend indefinitely, and therefore be revocable only by an act of Congress.”
Gleason delivered a second strike to Trump on Friday, reversing a land swap deal with the isolated community of King Cove, Alaska.
Gleason struck down the trade on procedural grounds, ruling that former Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke did not adequately justify the federal government’s change in policy.
Similar land swaps had been rejected in the past over environmental concerns.
The deal, which traded one acre of King Cove for 500 acres of federal wilderness, was meant to allow the community to construct a road to the area’s only all-weather airport.
Community and state officials argue the road is a medical necessity because bad weather largely prevents other forms of travel for about a third of the year.
Zinke “not only failed to provide the required level of detailed justification for reversing decades of prior findings, he provided no justification at all,” Gleason wrote.
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