The U.S. government executed a drug trafficker on Thursday for slaying seven people in a burst of violence in Virginia’s capital in 1992, with some witnesses in the death chamber applauding as the 52-year-old was pronounced dead.
Corey Johnson’s execution went ahead after his lawyers scrambled to stop it on grounds that the lethal injection of pentobarbital could cause him excruciating pain due to lung damage from a COVID-19 infection last month.
He was the 12th inmate executed at the prison in Terre Haute, Indiana, since the Trump administration restarted federal executions following a 17-year hiatus. The last execution of Donald Trump’s presidency was set for Friday.
Johnson, who his lawyers said was severely mentally disabled, was pronounced dead at 11:34 p.m.
Reporters could not see into into the witness rooms reserved for his family and for relatives of his victims. But it was clear that clapping came from the latter as an official pronounced him dead. Someone also could be heard whistling.
After the execution, Johnson’s lawyers released his last statement.
“I want to say that I am sorry for my crimes,” he said. “I wanted to say that to the families who were victimized by my actions.” He also said he wanted his victims’ names to be remembered.
Johnson’s execution and Friday’s scheduled execution of Dustin Higgs are the last before next week’s inauguration of President-elect Joe Biden, who is expected to end the federal death penalty.
Both inmates contracted COVID-19 and were granted temporary stays of execution this week for that reason, only for higher courts to vacate those stays.
Lawyers have previously argued that pentobarbital injections cause flash pulmonary edema, sparking sensations akin to drowning as fluid rapidly fills the lungs. The new claim was that fluid would rush into the inmates’ COVID-damaged lungs while they were still conscious.
But during Thursday’s execution, there were no outward signs Johnson ever experienced pain, though some medical experts say pentobarbital can have a paralyzing effect that masks pain inmates might be feeling as they die. Government experts dispute that.
Johnson was implicated in one of the worst bursts of gang violence Richmond had ever seen, with 11 people killed in a 45-day period.
He and two other members of the Newtowne gang were sentenced to death under a federal law that targets large-scale drug traffickers.
Johnson’s lawyers described a traumatic childhood in which he was physically abused by his drug-addicted mother and her boyfriends, abandoned at age 13, then shuffled between residential and institutional facilities until he aged out of the foster care system.
They cited numerous childhood IQ tests discovered after he was sentenced that place him in the mentally disabled category. They say he could only read and write at an elementary school level.
In a statement, Johnson’s lawyers, Donald Salzman and Ronald Tabak, said the government executed a person “with an intellectual disability, in stark violation of the Constitution and federal law” and vehemently denied he had the mental capacity to be a drug kingpin.
“We wish also to say that the fact Corey Johnson should never have been executed cannot diminish the pain and loss experienced by the families of the victims in this case,” the statement said. “We wish them peace and healing.”
Richard Benedict, who was Johnson’s special education teacher at a New York school for emotionally troubled kids, said Johnson was hyperactive, anxious and reading and writing at a second- or third-grade level when he was 16 and 17.
Prosecutors, however, said Johnson had not shown that he was mentally disabled.
“While rejecting that he has intellectual disabilities that preclude his death sentences, courts have repeatedly and correctly concluded that Johnson’s seven murders were planned to advance his drug trafficking and were not impulsive acts by someone incapable of making calculated judgments, and are therefore eligible for the death penalty,” prosecutors argued in court documents.
C.T. Woody Jr., the lead homicide detective on the case, said that during his interrogations of Johnson, he denied any involvement in the killings and said police were trying to frame him because of lies people were telling about him.
“It did not seem to me that he had any kind of mental problems at all except his viciousness and no respect for human life — none whatsoever,” Woody said.
Former Assistant U.S. Attorney Howard Vick Jr., one of the prosecutors in the case, said the violence committed by Johnson and his fellow gang members was unmatched at the time.
One of the gang’s victims was stabbed 85 times and another was shot 16 times. Johnson was convicted of being the shooter in a triple slaying and participating in four other capital murders, including shooting a rival drug dealer 15 times.
The Western Journal has reviewed this Associated Press story and may have altered it prior to publication to ensure that it meets our editorial standards.
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