A warning by former national security officials about the dangers of regulating technology companies is in lockstep with arguments made by Big Tech chief executives, according to a report from an internet watchdog group.
A group of former intelligence community officials sent a letter Wednesday to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy arguing against the passage of a series of antitrust bills advanced in the House Judiciary Committee in June.
The warnings echoed talking points made by groups lobbying for the tech industry and major tech firms themselves, according to a report by the Internet Accountability Project, a nonprofit conservative advocacy group focused on issues related to Big Tech.
The intelligence community officials argued the bills would make the U.S. less competitive with China and could even compromise America’s national security.
“Congress risks undermining America’s key advantage vis-à-vis China by pursuing domestic legislation that threatens to impede U.S. companies and their ability to pursue such innovation,” the officials wrote.
“We believe more deliberate analysis is needed to examine the detrimental impact these bills could have on our strategic competition with China.”
Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg has repeatedly invoked the threat of China in testimony before Congress arguing against regulation and antitrust enforcement, the IAP found.
In testimony before the Senate in 2018, Zuckerberg warned that regulating the development of innovative technologies should be avoided, “or else we’re going to fall behind Chinese competitors.”
“When I brought up the Chinese Internet companies, I think that that’s a real — a real strategic and competitive threat that, in American technology policy we should be thinking about,” Zuckerberg said.
The tech executive repeated his warning in testimony before the House Judiciary Committee in 2020, arguing that antitrust laws should maintain market “openness” to preserve American companies’ competitiveness in the global market.
“China is building its own version of the internet focused on very different ideas, and they are exporting their vision to other countries,” Zuckerberg said.
“There are plenty of other companies out there that are willing and able to take the place of the work that we’re doing,” he said in an interview with Vox.
Google CEO Sundar Pichai and the Computer & Communications Industry Association, a tech industry group, have made similar cases, arguing against serious antitrust enforcement due to the threat of China, the IAP found.
Pichai argued in testimony before the House Judiciary Committee that lawmakers should be careful to preserve “America’s competitive technological edge in the world.”
“Our teams of engineers are helping America solidify its position as the global leader in emerging technologies like artificial intelligence, self-driving cars, and quantum computing,” Pichai said.
The CCIA sent a letter to the chairmen and ranking members of the House Judiciary Committee and its antitrust, commercial and administrative law subcommittee over the antitrust bills in June, arguing the legislation would have “long-lasting impacts” on “the U.S. as a leader of innovation worldwide.”
“We request that the Judiciary Committee refrain from holding a markup on these bills until after it holds legislative hearings on each bill to ensure that academics, experts, and the general public are provided with an opportunity to provide comment and analysis on these bills,” CCIA Vice President of Public Policy Arthur Sidney wrote.
The IAP argued the close relationships many of the national security officials have with Big Tech could explain the similar arguments, pointing out numerous financial ties it found between several of the officials and several major tech companies.
“There are many DC policy wonks who rely on the Big Tech platforms financially,” Mike Davis, IAP president and founder, told the DCNF. “They don’t want to bite the hand that feeds them.”
Dan Coats, one of the signatories of the letter and a former director of national intelligence, serves as a senior policy adviser for law firm King & Spalding.
Susan M. Gordon, another signatory and former principal deputy director of national intelligence, serves as a consultant for the Center for a New American Security, a think tank funded by Google and Amazon.
Several other signatories work for think tanks and strategy firms that receive funding from major tech companies, the IAP found.
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