Parker: The Common Ground That Forms a Functioning Nation Is Eroding - We Need to Tread Carefully


I wrote a column in 2011, as the presidential politics of the upcoming year were starting to unfold, with the headline “Why 2012 looks a lot like 1860.”

The deep fracturing of the American electorate — remember the Tea Party? — leading up to the 2012 presidential election was starting to look like what happened in the presidential election in 1860, which occurred amid another massive splintering of the American electorate.

The issue of slavery in the 1850s tore apart the fabric of common values in the nation, and the result was collapse.

There were presidential candidates in 1860 running on four different party tickets — the newly formed Republican Party, the Constitutional Union Party, and Northern and Southern parts of a split Democratic Party.

Abraham Lincoln, the Republican candidate, emerged victorious with just 39.82 percent of the popular vote. Immediately upon Lincoln’s victory, seven Southern states seceded from the union.

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Soon there would be a bloody civil war.

A vibrant, free and democratic nation thrives with differences of opinion. But there is a difference between differences of opinion on specific issues of policy and the fracturing of discourse because of an absence of common values and principles.

For a nation to function, there must be some common denominator.

This common denominator of shared values and principles is dangerously eroding today, and animosities are sharpening and deepening. Am I predicting another civil war? God forbid.

Are Americans losing their common ground?

But the depth of animosities now is looking less like the healthy discourse of a free country and more like the unraveling of our social fabric. It’s dangerous, and we should be aware of what is going on.

A new survey released by the Pew Research Center bears out this trend, showing animosities between the two parties getting increasingly sharp and increasing numbers of Americans, particularly younger Americans, not happy with either party.

Per the Pew report, in 1994, 21 percent of Republicans had a “very unfavorable” view of the Democratic Party. Today it is 62 percent. In 1994, 17 percent of Democrats had a “very unfavorable” view of the Republican Party. Today it is 54 percent.

Seventy-two percent of Republicans now, compared to 45 percent in 2016, say Democrats are more dishonest than other Americans. Sixty-three percent of Democrats, compared to 42 percent in 2016, say Republicans are more dishonest than other Americans.

According to the survey, 27 percent of Americans now have unfavorable opinions of both parties, compared to 6 percent in 1994.

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This is all consistent with a new survey from Gallup showing that more than half of young Americans born between 1981 and 1996 identify as independents.

Forty-four percent of those born between 1960 and 1980, 33 percent of those born between 1946 and 1964, and 26 percent of those born between 1928 and 1945 identify as independents.

Just as slavery challenged the core values and beliefs on which the nation was founded, so today issues such as abortion, sexual identity, and the nature and existence of marriage and family are dividing the common ground on which we stand.

Related to this is the core question of government and its role in the lives of private Americans.

When our divisions become so deep that civil discourse can no longer mend what has unraveled, we need to tread carefully.

How can a nation remain intact when large parts of the population have absolutely nothing in common with each other regarding how they see the world?

Limited government and individual freedom are the classic American answers. Unfortunately, we seem to be going in the opposite direction.


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