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Hong Kong's Leading Freedom Fighters Sentenced for Organizing Massive Pro-Democracy Protests

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A Hong Kong court on Friday sentenced leading pro-democracy advocates to up to 18 months in prison for organizing and participating in a massive march during anti-government protests that triggered a crackdown from Beijing.

A total of nine advocates were given jail terms. Four of them, including 82-year-old lawyer and former lawmaker Martin Lee, had their sentences suspended after their age and accomplishments were taken into consideration.

They were found guilty earlier this month of organizing and participating in an unauthorized protest in August 2019, when an estimated 1.7 million people marched in opposition to a bill that would have allowed suspects to be extradited to mainland China.

Their convictions and sentencing are another blow to the city’s flagging democracy movement, which is facing an unprecedented crackdown by Beijing and Hong Kong authorities.

The court suspended the prison sentence of Lee, who is known for his advocacy for human rights and democracy, because of his age.

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Jimmy Lai, the founder of Hong Kong’s Apple Daily tabloid, was sentenced to a total of 14 months in prison for charges related to a demonstration on Aug. 18, 2019, and a separate unauthorized march on Aug. 31, 2019.

Lai was also slapped with two additional charges on Friday, one accusing him of conspiring to collude with foreign powers and another accusing him of helping local activists escape the city.

Prior to sentencing, Lai was already being held on other charges, including a previous charge of foreign collusion to intervene in the city’s affairs — a new crime under a sweeping national security law that Beijing imposed on the city in 2020.

Lee Cheuk-yan, a pro-democracy activist and former lawmaker who helped organize annual candlelight vigils in Hong Kong on the anniversary of the bloody crackdown on pro-democracy protests in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square in 1989, was sentenced to a total of 14 months in prison for his participation in the two August 2019 marches.

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Lawyers Albert Ho and Margaret Ng both had their 12-month jail sentences suspended. Former lawmaker Leung Kwok-hung was sentenced to 18 months, while another former legislator, Cyd Ho, was given a sentence of eight months.

Two other former lawmakers, Au Nok-hin and Leung Yiu-chung, who previously pleaded guilty, were also given jail sentences.

In a separate case, former lawmaker Yeung Sum was sentenced alongside Lai and Lee Cheuk-yan for their participation in the unauthorized assembly on Aug. 31, 2019.

“I’m ready to face the penalty and sentencing and I’m proud that I can walk with the people of Hong Kong for this democracy,” Lee Cheuk-yan said ahead of the court session, as supporters held up signs condemning political persecution.

“We will walk together even in darkness, we will walk with hope in our hearts.”

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Beijing had pledged to allow Hong Kong to retain civil liberties for 50 years after it was handed over to Chinese rule in 1997, but recently has ushered in a series of measures, including the national security law and electoral changes, that many fear are a step toward making Hong Kong no different from mainland cities.

Under the new rules, Hong Kong residents can be held liable for any speech or action deemed secessionist, subversive or terrorist or perceived as colluding with hostile foreign political groups or individuals.

The electoral changes mean just 20 out of 90 Legislative Council members will be directly elected and Beijing will maintain even tighter control over the body that picks Hong Kong’s future chief executives.

Hong Kong’s last British governor, Chris Patten, said that the Chinese Communist Party’s “comprehensive assault” on Hong Kong’s freedom and rule of law remains relentless.

“This week, we have witnessed some of the most distinguished of the city’s peaceful and moderate champions of liberty and democracy placed in Beijing’s vengeful sights,” he said in a statement.

“The CCP simply does not understand that you cannot bludgeon and incarcerate people into loving a totalitarian and corrupt regime.”

Amnesty International’s Asia-Pacific regional director, Yamini Mishra, said the sentences handed down Friday underscored the government’s intention to “eliminate all political opposition” in Hong Kong.

“Having arrested the majority of Hong Kong’s most prominent dissidents using the repressive national security law, the authorities are now mopping up remaining peaceful critics under the pretext of bogus charges related to the 2019 protests,” Mishra said.

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