During a three-hour court hearing Thursday, U.S. District Judge Trevor McFadden questioned the legitimacy of a lawsuit that challenges the White House’s funding of border wall construction without explicit permission from Congress, according to The Wall Street Journal.
McFadden said the question of whether the House has legal standing in this case “is a significant issue,” and he asked if they “used all the tools at its disposal before rushing to court?”
“There are other tools in your arsenal here, right?” McFadden asked at another time.
The federal judge, a Trump appointee of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, said the judiciary should exercise prudence about wading into a fight between the two other branches of government.
McFadden’s comments are the latest developments in a court case that began in April when the Democrat-controlled House of Representatives voted to sue over Trump’s emergency declaration.
That declaration, made in February, allowed him to tap billions more in border wall funding after Congress gave him far less money than he wanted.
Democrats have fiercely opposed funding for a border wall.
The impasse even led to the longest government shutdown in U.S. history.
A Democrat-led effort to pass a resolution condemning Trump’s emergency declaration was able to pass both the House and Senate.
The resolution failed after he vetoed it — the first veto of his presidency.
“The president’s sham emergency declaration and unlawful transfers of funds have undermined our democracy, contravening the vote of the bipartisan Congress, the will of the American people and the letter of the Constitution,” House Speaker Nancy Pelosi of California said in April when the House voted in favor of the lawsuit.
Douglas Letter, general counsel of the House, echoed similar statements when arguing his case on Thursday.
“This is such a basic affront to the institutional interests of Congress,” Letter stated at the hearing, claiming that courts are allowed to step in.
“It goes to the very heart of checks and balances.”
Justice Department attorney James Burnham, on the other hand, claimed the framers of the Constitution “would have been horrified” at the thought of the House suing the executive branch, arguing that such a move is a breach of the separation of powers.
A ruling over whether to stop the White House from using Department of Defense funds for the wall will be decided at a later time, McFadden said.
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